Transylvania coat of arm!

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Transylvania - Erdély - Ardeal - Siebenbürgen

Take the tour inside Transylvania - Tedd meg erdélyi körútazásod - Fa-ti turul in Ardeal

Transylvania, is a geographical region of Romania near the Hungarian border. It covers about 39,000 square miles (101,000 square kilometers). The majority of its people are Romanians, but about a quarter of the population are Magyars (Hungarians). Magyars make up the largest ethnic group in Hungary. Transylvania also has a sizeable Gypsy minority. The Carpathian Mountains and Transylvanian Alps separate the region from the rest of Romania. For years, Romanians and Hungarians quarreled over Transylvania. Magyars conquered the region in the 900’s. From 1526 to 1699, Transylvania was part of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire. It was under Hungarian control from 1699 to 1867, when it once again became part of Hungary. During World War I (1914-1918), Romania joined the Allies after being promised Transylvania. After the war, Transylvania became part of Romania. In August 1940, Germany and Italy forced Romania to give northern Transylvania to Hungary. After World War II (1939-1945), Transylvania was returned to Romania and lost its political identity. Transylvania is the main site of the legend about the vampire Dracula. The character of Dracula is based on Vlad Tepes, a cruel prince of the 1400’s who lived in Walachia, a region south of Transylvania. Vlad executed many of his enemies by driving a stake through their bodies. A belief vampires once held by many Romanian peasants added details to the legend. Dracula (1897), a novel by the English author Bram Stoker, made the legend famous. This immensely popular book has inspired numerous plays and motion pictures.

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