and the Turk - parts the Hungarian state 

between each other, of which heir for one 

and a half century is Transylvania, the 

Transylvanian Principality. Transylvania, 

from the year of 1541, was ruled by queen 

Isabelle (János Szapolyai's widow) in their 

minor son's, the later Zsigmon János's, 

 On the 

picture is

István 

Bocskai's

half-Tollar

coin, from

the year 

of 1606.

           

          

       

            

           

 

«« back 

                               - 3 -

name. 

  The real power was handled by monk 

György (Friar György Martinez), who 

also wears governmental titles. He is the 

one that organizes the Transylvania 

Principalities institutions, and he is the one 

that fastens to Transylvania the provinces 

of Temes/Timis and the provinces over 

the Tisza river. For a short time the 

Habsburgs succeed of overtaking 

Transylvania, but in 1556 queen Isabelle 

and her son Zsigmond János returns to 

Transylvania, where they rule for one 

and a half decades. After this Zsigmond János, balancing between the Germans 

and Turks, then after his death the 

Transylvanians live with the opportunity, 

gained from the sultan, of liberal right to 

choose their own count. 

  As for their first count they chose István 

  

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