Báthory (1571 - 1575), who later was 

voted king of Poland by the Polish people. 

And that is the reason why more members 

of the Báthory family take part in the ruling 

respective governing (Zsigmond, András, 

and the last one from the Báthory family is 

Gábor). Between the Báthory's era there 

are other rulers too: the era of  Mihai 

Viteazul, Basta and Bocskai.

  Transylvania's "golden era" being brought 

by the counts Gábor Bethlen and György 

Rákoczi, so as at the end of count Mihály 

Apafi's rulings the Habsburgs to take 

control over Transylvania, and connect it to 

their empire, after releasing Hungary, from 

the Turkish rulings, and connecting it to their 

empire. The great principality of the 

Hungarian insurrection, at the era of Ferenc 

Rákoczi II. succeeded to shake the 

Austrian empire, for a short time, in 


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                               - 5 -

Hungary and Transylvania, but after the Hungarian insurrection's fall (1711), the Habsburg empire couldn't be shaken for 

a long period of time. 

  During the time of principality, 

Transylvania has been a tax-payer state 

to the Turks, but as itself it was a state 

with lots of individualities. The head of 

the state was the count chosen by the 

parliament and allowed by the sultan. 

And he became the leader of the army, 

diplomats, and also the manager of the 

states wealth. The prince was the head 

of jurisdiction and only he gathered the 

parliament. In his works he was helped 

by the chancellery and the principality's 

council. The principality's capital, and 

most of the counts residency was at 

Gyulafehérvár (today: Alba Iulia). 

  The parliament had an important role in 


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